The fuels and lubricants effort supports research and development to provide vehicle users with fuel options that are cost-competitive, enable high fuel economy, deliver lower emissions, and contribute to petroleum displacement. Activities aim to identify advanced petroleum- and non-petroleum-based fuels and lubricants for more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation vehicles.
A major focus of the Advanced Petroleum-Based Fuels and Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels activities is determining the impacts of fuel and lubricant properties on the efficiency, performance, and emissions of advanced internal combustion engines. This new breed of engines uses advanced combustion regimes that are expected to become more prevalent in the marketplace because of their high efficiency and continually improving emissions performance. Researchers are also studying the impacts of new fuels on the environment as part of the New Fuels Technology Impacts activity.
For fleet managers looking to convert to alternative fuels, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Policy Act (EPAct) activity provides support and guidance.